Fixing bad credit will take time. But following a ‘credit gardening’ plan can make the journey simpler
When it comes to credit, you reap what you sow. That’s why a simple technique known as “credit gardening” can help grow new credit lines while allowing the sting of any hard inquiries fade off your credit reports.
Credit gardening is simply tending to the accounts you’ve got, while refraining from applying for new credit for a certain period of time.
It’s smart to garden whenever you’re building or rebuilding credit.
You might also consider gardening, also known as “credit farming,” after you’ve opened several lines of new credit around the same time. That’s because each inquiry — where a lender looks at your credit to decide whether you are creditworthy — can pull down your score. On average, each inquiry lowers your score less than five points, but the hit can be bigger for consumers with already low scores. And a new credit card or loan with no payment history can lower your score even more because it shortens your overall length of credit history, which accounts for 15 percent of your credit score.
That can lead to rejections if you try to apply for more credit too soon. “They think you might be pulling something or that you’re desperate for credit.”
It’s also good idea to go into gardening mode at least six months before you’re about to make a big purchase on credit, such as applying for a mortgage or car loan.
You want to show that you use credit, but you don’t overuse credit.
Credit gardening basics
Farming isn’t complicated, but it does entail a little strategy and patience. There are three main steps:
Plant the seeds. Start with several positive, open accounts on your credit. It’s ideal to have three accounts, including some credit cards. You need to have something you can work with. If your credit score is too low to get traditional credit, secured cards and a personal loan work fine. However, stay far away from costly unsecured credit cards designed for consumers with bad credit. For example, I steer consumers away from high-interest, high-fee cards for people with bad credit. Some of these cards carry multiple fees, for everything from “processing fees,” to monthly service fees on top of annual fees. “You’re much better off with a secured card,” that some banks or credit unions will let you use the money in your savings account to fund the credit line.
Tend your accounts. Once you’ve got your accounts, nurture them every day so they continue to have a positive effect on your credit. That means using your cards for small purchases, such as a couple cups of coffee each month so they don’t lie fallow. Then pay your balance in full each month. “You want to show that you use credit, but you don’t overuse credit.” It’s crucial to pay your bill on time every month, so set email or text alerts to remind you about 10 days before the due date.
Pluck the weeds. Do you have some accounts with negative marks that are dragging down your score? Part of the magic of gardening is just the passage of time. A very recent 30-day late payment can drop your score between 60 and 80 points if you have a score of 680 and a past delinquency on your credit, or up to 110 points if you have a score of 780 and you’ve never paid late, according to Equifax. But simply wait a year (and pay on time during that time) and your score can bounce back by 70 or 80 percent.
Cultivate a green thumb for credit
Think a little gardening could benefit your credit? Here are six tips:
Look at the calendar. Before you start, it’s a good idea to decide on a concrete goal or timeline to help you stay motivated, myFICO.com recommends. If you’ve got the aim of making a big purchase on credit, you should garden until you’re ready to apply for that loan. Otherwise, a minimum of six months is a good time frame if you have new accounts. After about half a year, a brand new account becomes a more seasoned account. That’s when it really kicks in and helps your credit score.
Plan ahead. When you’re in garden mode, you want to avoid actions that will result in an inquiry on your credit. But some consumers don’t think about the fact that switching cell phone carriers, getting cable TV service or opening a retail store card to get a discount can result in a new hard inquiry. So, it pays to do some planning and use stop gap measures, such as temporarily getting prepaid cell phone service or delaying that switch to a new TV provider.
Resist temptation. Do you have trouble refraining from hitting the apply button on shiny 0-percent balance transfer offers or cards with sign-up bonuses? If so, you might need to take drastic action. For example, put a credit freeze on his credit. The cost of a freeze varies based on where you live, but can cost $5 to $10 per major credit bureau, or a total of $30 for all three, according to the Federal Trade Commission. A freeze stops lenders from checking your credit, so you can’t open new accounts unless you lift the freeze. It’s forced self-control.
Raise your limits. Some card issuers, usually the ones that offer free credit monitoring and scores, will consider you for a credit limit increase without doing a hard pull. If you have an established credit account with a good history with one of these lenders, first confirm that requesting a credit limit increase won’t trigger a hard inquiry on your credit, then ask for a higher limit. If you carry a balance, a credit limit increase can boost your score right away by improving your credit utilization ratio, which is the amount of available credit you’re using compared to the amount of debt you’re carrying. Of course, you should also be working to pay down your balances to below 30 percent of your available credit and ideally down to zero, which would negate having to ask for a credit limit increase.